Commodifying Bodies: An Overview of the Bioethical Implications of Transnational Commercial Surrogacy
Commercial surrogacy is a challenging contemporary issue that raises various concerns because it commodifies the female body in a new way. It is now becoming increasingly common for couples from the Global North to seek out gestational surrogates in the Global South. These transnational commercial surrogacy arrangements raise questions about the surrogatesÃ¢â¬â¢ rights to bodily integrity, as well as patient rights and health policy, immigration and citizenship, race, power, gender, consent, and agency (Pande, 2010; Bailey, 2011). I explore these questions in greater detail by reviewing the literature on the rights and bioethics discourse of transnational surrogacy in the Indian context. I also examine contemporary issues concerning the intersectionality of transnational commercial surrogacy from a feminist perspective, especially the commodification of the Ã¢â¬ÅotheredÃ¢â¬Â reproductive female body.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).